Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928km2 (358sqmi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457m (4,780ft).
The name comes from Persian and means "the lions", although it is most likely to be an adaptation of the former Greek name of Cheriana (Χερίανα) adopted after the Turkish settlement in the region after and possibly even slightly before the Battle of Manzikert.
Many of the northern villages of the district was home to minority populations of Pontic Greeks until the 1922 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, constituting the southern fringes of that community's extension. Some among the present population can also trace their roots to Greeks who had converted to Islam until as late as the end of the 19th century, as indicated by the Ottoman census and changed village names (for example, the present village of "Evren" was formerly called "Sefker").
Recent archaeological research has pushed back the date of the known origin of wine making in Persia far beyond that which writers earlier in the 20th century had envisaged. Excavations at the Godin Tepe site in the Zagros mountains (Badler, 1995; McGovern and Michel, 1995; McGovern, 2003), have revealed pottery vessels dating from c. 3100–2900 BC containing tartaric acid, almost certainly indicating the former presence of wine. Even earlier evidence was found at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, also in the Zagros mountains. Here, McGovern et al. (1996) used chemical analyses of the residue of a Neolithic jar dating from as early as 5400–5000 BC to indicate high levels of tartaric acid, again suggesting that the fluid contained therein had been made from grapes.
As book of Immortal Land Persian:سرزمین جاوید or Sar Zamin e Javid] (by Zabihollah Mansoori) says Ramian wines were world-famous in the Parthian Empire. Ramian Wine is now a California wine brand but Shiraz wines are famous across the globe.
Iran’s confusing nuclear game of chicken with the international community continued on Monday, a day after a report indicated that Iran rejected direct talks with the US and European Union. The time is not ripe for such a meeting Iran said. Iran’s goal is to up the pressure on the US by showing it dictates the tempo. .
The Biden administration said Sunday it remains open to talks with Iran over the 2015 nuclear deal despite Tehran’s rejection of an EU invitation to join a meeting with the U.S ... Earlier Sunday, Iran turned down the offer for talks saying the “time isn’t ripe” for the meeting, at which the U.S ... Iran US.
Iran’s regime is sophisticated but it is also ham-handed in the way it takes credit for a string of recent attacks across the region ... If Iran wasn’t behind them the headlines would all be to obfuscate Tehran’s role ... Iran is pushing it too ... They carry the headlines about Iran rejecting meetings in Europe about nuclear issues.
By MATTHEW PERRONE AP HealthWriter... Now, county officials say testing has nearly collapsed ... U.S ...L.A ... The U.S ... Still, U.S ... On Texas visit, Biden warns Iran 'to be careful' ... On Texas visit, Biden warns Iran 'to be careful' ... Sign up now to get the most recent coronavirus headlines and other important local and national news sent to your email inbox daily.
By TOM DAVIES Associated Press... A look at some of the top issues.. STATE SPENDING ... Rep ... Ed DeLaney of Indianapolis ... Tags ... Feb ... On Texas visit, Biden warns Iran 'to be careful' ... On Texas visit, Biden warns Iran 'to be careful' ... Sign up now to get the most recent coronavirus headlines and other important local and national news sent to your email inbox daily.
Today is Friday, Feb ... These headlines are in the news this morning. US airstrike in Syria targets facilities belonging to Iran-backed militia; House votes on virus relief bill today after minimum wage increase dealt blow in Senate; and Prince Harry raps "Fresh Prince.". Read on for these stories, other top headlines, celebrity birthdays and more ... ***.
It’s hard to go a day without some new headline about Iran’s nuclear efforts. On the one hand the US signals it wants to strengthen the JointComprehensive Plan of Action, or Iran Deal, that was signed in 2015... On the other hand Iran is seeking a deal with the IAEA about inspections. ... This is the goal of Iran.
JNS.org – If, as a New York Times headline noted, Israel’s reaction to the news that the United States is ready to start talking with Iran was “muted,” there was good reason for the low-key reaction ... Which is to say that if Biden and Blinken are dealing with Iran, the flow of concessions is going in only one direction.