Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928km2 (358sqmi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457m (4,780ft).
The name comes from Persian and means "the lions", although it is most likely to be an adaptation of the former Greek name of Cheriana (Χερίανα) adopted after the Turkish settlement in the region after and possibly even slightly before the Battle of Manzikert.
Many of the northern villages of the district was home to minority populations of Pontic Greeks until the 1922 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, constituting the southern fringes of that community's extension. Some among the present population can also trace their roots to Greeks who had converted to Islam until as late as the end of the 19th century, as indicated by the Ottoman census and changed village names (for example, the present village of "Evren" was formerly called "Sefker").
Recent archaeological research has pushed back the date of the known origin of wine making in Persia far beyond that which writers earlier in the 20th century had envisaged. Excavations at the Godin Tepe site in the Zagros mountains (Badler, 1995; McGovern and Michel, 1995; McGovern, 2003), have revealed pottery vessels dating from c. 3100–2900 BC containing tartaric acid, almost certainly indicating the former presence of wine. Even earlier evidence was found at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, also in the Zagros mountains. Here, McGovern et al. (1996) used chemical analyses of the residue of a Neolithic jar dating from as early as 5400–5000 BC to indicate high levels of tartaric acid, again suggesting that the fluid contained therein had been made from grapes.
As book of Immortal Land Persian:سرزمین جاوید or Sar Zamin e Javid] (by Zabihollah Mansoori) says Ramian wines were world-famous in the Parthian Empire. Ramian Wine is now a California wine brand but Shiraz wines are famous across the globe.
Lefties deny the Oct ... 28) ... 26) ... The United States will demand that Israel end the war, thus perpetuating Hamas’ cruel rule, increasing risk to Israeli citizens and Palestinians too — and empowering Iran into the bargain ... The headline and cover of the weekend paper speak volumes as to how the hostages felt since their abduction (“Freed From Hell,” Nov.
The Jenin Battalion reportedly receives millions of shekels in funding from terrorist groups such as Islamic Jihad, Hamas and Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. One year ago, the Jenin Battalion made headlines by kidnapping Tiran Fero, 17, a member of Israel’s Druze community who entered Jenin together with a friend to get his car repaired ... .
The possibility of overthrowing Syria and Iran offers a much greater possibility of discomforting Russia. The neocons have wanted revenge on Putin ever since he stopped Obama’s overthrow of Assad, which, with Iraq already overthrown, would leave only Iran in Israel’s way ...Suddenly, defeated Ukraine is off the headlines.
These are just observations on topics just beneath the headlines ... For years Iran’s strategy toward Israel was not to defeat it in a conventional war but to surround it with a group of proxy militias and statelets that would harass it into un-livability, a strategic death of a thousand cuts.
Elsewhere at the New York Times, an equally shocking headline states, “For decades, Iran has vowed to destroy Israel... Aside from the euphemisms — “militia” for terrorists and “fiery rhetoric” for calls for genocide — the New York Times presents as a “Sophie’s Choice” Iran's dilemma of whether to follow through with the promise to kill more Jews.
PresidentBiden’s lucky in a perverse way ... His coddling of Iran set up Hamas’ horrific assault on Israel; the resulting war has pushed out of the headlines major news on son Hunter’s influence-peddling operation, including the first hard evidence of how it put cash in Joe’s pocket. But Rep ... (The prez refuses to provide proof.) ... ....
Poor Iran. The ultimate paymaster for the radical terrorist groups in the Middle East is Iran, and the New York Times gives a rather flattering portrayal of the dilemma Iran faces in calibrating its proxy attacks on Israel... Poor Iran ... For more than four decades, Iran’s rulers have pledged to destroy Israel.
But the barbarous desire for bloodshed between Israel and its neighbours has reminded us of a time when war hogged the headlines. Wars between Iran and Iraq, the US and Iraq, Russia and Afghanistan, and the US and Afghanistan destroyed the hopes of millions.
The latest target appears to be Iran, whose Islamist government neoconservatives in Washington and Tel Aviv have long dreamed of overthrowing ...Blinken’s comments undercut The Wall Street Journal’s headline, though subtly insinuate that Iran was or could have been behind the attacks and that evidence would emerge about this.
A 16-year-old who made headlines in early October, after she entered a subway car in Iran with her hair uncovered, only to be removed from the car unconscious a short while later, has died, per reports from state media ... In a post shared on X (formerly Twitter) New York'sCenter for Human Rights in Iran commented.
LEWISTON, Maine — Maine officials have lifted a shelter-in-place order as the search for the suspect in the Lewiston mass shooting continues ... All of the victims' families have been notified, officials said. Sauschuck read the names aloud ... This morning's top headlines ... US strikes Iran-linked sites in Syria in retaliation for attacks on US troops.